Habitat is a broad term used to describe the environment where organisms live and breed. Habitat in reference to aquatic ecosystems generally refers to overhanging vegetation, aquatic plants, woody debris, rock, substrate and water depth. The quality and distribution of these structures directly influence the living organisms and the entire lake ecosystem.
Conducting a habitat inventory with a fishery analysis can effectively guide management decisions concerning recreational fishing, boating, fish stocking and water quality.
Our biologists can assess lake and aquatic ecosystems habitat by several innovative methods including;
- GPS/GIS mapping
- Aquatic and shoreline vegetative surveys
- SCUBA surveys
- Bottom contour mapping
- Bottom typing using hydroacoustics
- Underwater video
A common recommendation given to many lake managers is the enhancement of structures by both artificial and natural means. EnviroScience can aid in the assessment and application of habitat restoration and enhancement programs.
Habitat can be artificially enhanced by man-made structures which are cost effective and easy to construct. EnviroScience can assist in design and installation of these structures as well as facilitate any associated permitting requirements. Examples of these structures include vertical and horizontal log structures and brush piles.
A common natural restoration activity requires land owners to cease mowing activities near shorelines and allow the growth of a natural buffer. The reseeding of natural vegetation is one simple way to decrease shoreline erosion and provide shade and cover for juvenile fish. EnviroScience can design an aesthetic natural buffer zone using native plants in a process called Lakescaping.